Pig feeding guide pdf


While it is not a nutrient, pigs require energy, which they obtain from carbohydrates and fat. Pigs also require a precise combination of amino acids, which they acquire from protein. Pigs need these nutrients for maintenance, growth, reproduction, lactation and other functions. Similarly, a gestating sow has different nutritional requirements to a lactating sow feeding piglets. Figure 1 gives an overview of the main aims of nutrition at each stage of production. Pig physiology also changes with age.

Their digestive systems do not reach full maturity until a few weeks after weaning. Suckling and newly weaned piglets require highly digestible raw materials, such as milk products and animal proteins, because their guts are less able to cope with vegetable proteins and complex starch.

Additives, such as prebiotics, probiotics, acids and enzymes, can also vary in their beneficial effects depending on the stage of production, so the targeted use of additives for pigs of different ages is the most advantageous and cost-effective strategy. This ensures that the correct nutrients, raw materials and combination of additives can be fed to the pig. This not only ensures optimal health and performance, but also reduces waste and environmental damage by preventing the excretion of excess nutrients.

It is also the most cost-effective strategy because the typically more expensive diets, such as those fed to weaner pigs, are only fed when required. Mycotoxins in pig feed. Nutrition for gilt rearing. Feeding gestating dry sows. Feeding lactating sows. Feeding the weaned pig. Feeding growing and finishing pigs.

Removing zinc oxide from pig diets. Glossary of common terms used in pig nutrition. Feed price volatility in the pork sector. Search entire site. Supply and demand. Cost of production and performance. Imports and exports. Market analysis. Beef markets. UK cattle facts and figures. Beef and lamb at a glance.

Approximate water requirements of pigs per day

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It is, therefore, important to get the formulations and rations right at each stage of growth. Feeding diets that are appropriate to each stage of production can help capture gains in performance and efficiency, and this makes all the difference when net margins are tight.

These targets are subject to variables owing to feeding system, nutrition, environment and health, as well as genetics. Different pig breeds perform differently at different weights, but these weights are a good guide.

As piglets grow, their demand for nutrients grows and outstrips the capacity of the sow to supply them because her milk yield peaks at about three weeks and then slowly declines. Presentation to the pig is important for early intake, and feed is best offered on trays on a flat surface or in a specialist bowl, away from the dunging area when sows are feeding, as this is when the pigs will be most active and at their hungriest.

See also: 6 energy efficiency tips for pig farmers. Start with small quantities and replace at least twice daily to keep the feed fresh and palatable. Creep can be offered earlier, but expect intakes to be considerably lower. Creep feed and starter feeds are highly specialist and contain additives to improve digestion and gut integrity.

These include organic acids, essential oils, probiotics and enzymes, for both phosphorous availability and cereal digestion. Dr Baynes says there are more than 80 different diets being offered for pigs up to 15kg liveweight by potential suppliers — so which to choose?

Intake in first few days after weaning is key. Offer the same diet as fed pre-weaning for approximately a week or until the animal is about 9kg, as this will keep growth checks to a minimum.

He advises that the ration is revised up to three times over the course of the weaner phase, he says. From weaning to 15kg liveweight, the digestible energy DE requirement is typically about 16 megajoules MJ per kilogramme kgreducing to This will depend on individual systems, such as the genetic leanness of the breed, environment, feed-consumption patterns and carcass characteristics.

The initial diet should replicate maternal milk as much as possible and typically contains milk powder and fish oil. Feeding milk replacer for a short period after weaning can be beneficial to piglet growth and gut health. Some pigs have voracious appetites at this stage, depending on genetics and the nutritional capability of that breed, but typically feed a kg ration from weaning to three-and-a-half weeks post-weaning.

As the pig grows, introduce more raw cereals and vegetable proteins that meet the digestive enzyme development of the pig, while reducing the highly digestible raw material sources such as cooked cereals, fishmeal and milk powders. As with all stages of production, a lack of proper water intake is the number one limiting factor to feed intake; therefore, a good supply of clean, fresh water is essential.

Focus on increasing intakes at this stage because the nutrient requirements are changing rapidly. Grower pigs are capable of using higher digestible proteins such as soya, combined with raw cereals, and have a feed conversion efficiency of less thanThe most important part of swine production is in knowing the correct way to feed pigs.

Whether browsing through a piglet feeding guide or studying swine management techniques, pigs need a high energy diet that is low in fiber that contains ample protein. Pigs will consume enormous amounts of food quickly. To raise and maintain a healthy stock, maximize growth and reproduction, and increase production, it is necessary to feed them the right food and a balanced diet from wean to finish.

Though pigs will eat just about anything, all kinds of scraps, or leftover food such as bread, other grains, vegetables, and fruits, their growth rates are best maintained when the animals are fed a feed made specifically for pigs.

Here are the general foods to avoid in pig feed:. Foods high in sugars can slow growth rates while milk, meats, and fish can harbor viruses.

Pits and seeds of apples, pears, apricots and peaches contain a naturally occurring substance called amygdalin which is a cyanogenic glycoside that is released when chewed causing illness, discomfort, or even death. Potatoes contain natural toxins called glycoalkaloids, which can cause severe stomach ache or even death though rareand also contain solanine which destroys red blood cells, causes diarrhea, and heart failure. Formulating a good pig feed will help achieve optimum growth of your stock.

Farm grains are the most common and best source of food to feed pigs. Most typically corn-based feeds are used because they are high in digestible carbohydrates, low in fiber, and cost effective. The feed should be supplemented with other vitamins, proteins, and some antibacterial compounds to their feed to slow the growth of naturally occurring bacteria that may be harmful to the animal or your stock.

Piglets, younger pigs that weigh less than 40 pounds, should be introduced to a solid diet through creep feeding while they are still suckling.

Growing pigs, those weighing 40 to pounds, and finishing pigs, those weighing pounds to market weight approximately pounds or more should transition from the grower feeds that are nutrient dense with more protein to the finisher feeds that are less dense. With a proper diet, expect weight gains of about 1. After that, weight gains of 1. To maximize feed intake, a number of other factors need to be considered as well. This includes temperature and environmental control, adequate supply of water, and sanitation control programs.

Pig temperature requirements are important to growth and production. Pigs are a highly adaptable animal and can perform well within a range of temperatures. However, temperatures too low or too high can have adverse effects on stock.Vegetable Farming. Livestock Farming. Introduction to pig feed chart and pig weight chart. Pig farming is the raising and breeding of domestic pigs as livestock and it is not only a profitable business but also a very popular and lucrative business.

In comparison to another livestock rearing, the main advantages of pig farming are extremely high. The growth rate of the pig farming business is high. Within a short period, one can increase the quantity of livestock as pigs are the prolific breeders with high fecundity and shorter generation interval.

A sow can be bred as early as 8 to 9 months of age and can farrow twice a year. They have a very short gestation period of days and able to produce 6 to 12 or even more piglets in each farrowing. Pig farming provides quick returns since the marketable weight kg of fatteners can be achieved at the age of 7 to 9 months. The pig has got the highest feed conversion efficiency that means they produce more live weight gain from a given weight of feed than any other class of meat -producing animals except broilers.

The important part of swine production is in knowing the correct way to feed pigs. Whether browsing through a piglet feeding guide or studying swine management methods, pigs need a high energy diet that is low in fiber that contains ample protein.

Pigs will consume enormous amounts of food quickly. To raise and maintain a healthy stock, maximize growth and reproduction, and increase production, it is essential to feed them the right food and a balanced diet from wean to finish. The pig can utilize a wide variety of feedstuffs like grains, forages, damaged feeds, and garbage and convert them into valuable nutritious meat.

Though, feeding of damaged grains, garbage, and other unbalanced rations may result in lower feed efficiency. Pig farming business requires a small investment in buildings and equipment. Several factors can affect the rate at which a pig gains weight, among them breed and gender, age, feed type, and quality, feeding frequency and quantity, ambient temperature, and exercise amount.

Younger, smaller pigs must be allowed to eat as much pig starter as they want. Pig starter feeds are 75 percent to 80 percent carbohydrate sources like corn and sorghum. When a pig reaches pounds, switch to a feed that is lower in fat; otherwise weight gain will be mostly fat. Boost consumption by adding up to a half-pound of whey, milk replacer, and liquid protein supplements on top of food at each feeding. A pig should always have fresh, clean water.Miscellaneous feeds which can be fed to pigs: Swill kitchen waste including left over of human food, vegetables, meat and fish cuttings : Composition and quantity vary so greatly that it is difficult to indicate feeding values.

It has been observed that pigs weighing 30 kg reached a body weight of 70 kg in 70 days when fed exclusively on kitchen waste. Ensure that swill feed is not old and putrified. On an average 4 — 8 kg swill is needed per pig per day. Feeding of boars A breeding boar requires Feed allowances should be so adjusted that the pig is neither fatty nor run down. Greens should be provided if kept indoors. Year-round pasture is excellent if it could be provided from the stand point of providing both the needed exercise and valuable nutrients.

Feeding of female The demands resulting from pregnancy and need for conserving nutrients for ensuing lactation are accelerated during the later stage of pregnancy. The increased needs are for proteins, vitamins and minerals. Mature sows gain kg and gilts kg during pregnancy. Feed should be so regulated that sows and gilts are never over fat or thin. Individual feeding is preferred. Flushing is a practice of giving extra feed to sows and gilts from weeks prior to mating and returns to normal feeding after mating.

Feeding of Farrowing Sow and Litter Feed lightly with bulky laxative feed immediately before and after farrowing. Bring the sow to full feeding in 10 days. Plenty of greens may be provided. Feed allowance may be calculated as 2. Thus, a sow weighing kg with 8 piglets should receive 4. The piglets may be provided with special nourishing diet called creep feed separately. Creep feeding: The practice of self-feeding concentrates to young piglets in a separate enclosure away from their mother is known as creep feeding.

Creep feed should be given when piglets are two weeks old. Each active and healthy piglet may consume about 10 kg feed before reaching the age of 8 weeks and two-third of this consumed between weeks.Related titles:. For institutional orders, please contact sales wageningenacademic. Recommend this book to a librarian. Editors Wouter H. HendriksMartin W. Published: Pages: Complete Book PDF 6. Published online: July 16, Citation Full-text KB.

BabinszkyM. VerstegenW. Abstract References Full-text KB. EveraertE. DecuypereJ. PluskeJ. BouwensH. Bach Knudsen.

Breeding Boar Nutrient Recommendations and Feeding Management

Vailati-RiboniK. ShahzadA. ElolimyD. ColemanJ. RemenyikM. A Verstegen. ChristensenL. MillerH. NakatsujiR. ZijlstraH.

ZhangY. LeeY. IkemotoB. SpringJ. Taylor-PickardK. JacquesJ. ZijlstraE. MadhysathaR.Canadian Pork Council Laurier Ave. Also available in French. This publication may be reproduced for personal or internal use provided that its source is fully acknowledged.

However, multiple copy reproduction of this publication in whole or in part for any purpose including but not limited to resale or redistribution requires the kind permission of the National Farm Animal Care Council see www.

Information contained in this publication is subject to periodic review in light of changing practices, government requirements and regulations. Although every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, the authors shall not be held responsible for loss or damage caused by errors, omissions, misprints or misinterpretation of the contents hereof.

Furthermore, the authors expressly disclaim all and any liability to any person, whether the purchaser of the publication or not, in respect of anything done or omitted, by any such person in reliance on the contents of this publication. The Codes of Practice are nationally developed guidelines for the care and handling of farm animals.

They serve as our national understanding of animal care requirements and recommended practices. Codes promote sound management and welfare practices for housing, care, transportation and other animal husbandry practices. Codes of Practice have been developed for virtually all farmed animal species in Canada. The Codes of Practice are the result of a rigourous Code development process, taking into account the best science available for each species, compiled through an independent peer-reviewed process, along with stakeholder input.

The Code development process also takes into account the practical requirements for each species necessary to promote consistent application across Canada and ensure uptake by stakeholders resulting in beneficial animal outcomes. Given their broad use by numerous parties in Canada today, it is important for all to understand how they are intended to be interpreted. Requirements - these refer to either a regulatory requirement, or an industry imposed expectation outlining acceptable and unacceptable practices and are fundamental obligations relating to the care of animals.

Requirements represent a consensus position that these measures, at minimum, are to be implemented by all persons responsible for farm animal care. When included as part of an assessment program, those who fail to implement Requirements may be compelled by industry associations to undertake corrective measures, or risk a loss of market options.

Requirements also may be enforceable under federal and provincial regulation. Recommended Practices are those which are generally expected to enhance animal welfare outcomes, but failure to implement them does not imply that acceptable standards of animal care are not met. Broad representation and expertise on each Code Development Committee ensures collaborative Code development.

Stakeholder commitment is key to ensure quality animal care standards are established and implemented. Improve Feed Conversion & Gut Health For Pigs. Starting On Day 2. Order Today! FEED TO SUCCEED. Pig Nutrition. Guide Feeding growing pigs. Feeding sows and boars.

Speciality breeds. Alternative feeds for pigs. Efficiency of changing the feed. ▫. Improving structural quality of meat. Main points. ▫ Income earning for farmers: from the sale of meat. boars and pregnant sows. ○ sows with piglets.

Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Pigs

○ young pigs, three to 10 weeks old. ○ growing pigs up to slaughter at a live weight of 60 or 90 kg. Feed. The most important part of swine production is in knowing the correct way to feed pigs. Whether browsing through a piglet feeding guide or. Pigs do not require specific ingredients in their diet, but instead require energy and nutrients such as amino acids, minerals and vitamins.

There are numerous. to guide farmers and advisors in developing pig management, housing, and feeding towards optimal animal health and welfare.

Organic pig producers face the. Different pig breeds perform differently at different weights, but these weights are a good guide. Piglets. Creep feeding is a means of. Therefore, hog rations are made up primarily of farm-grown grains, plus a protein supplement that includes vitamins and minerals. Young animals use most of the. vitamins that comprise the book edited by Ammerman et al. (). Formulation of diets based on available nutrients. Simply because pigs can.

The basic principles of pig nutrition have been simplified to 7 basic rules. Rule 1: Outdoor pigs need more than just pasture to survive.

• While it is true. Along with this, piggery have plenty of options to adopt like integrated fish farming, feed manufacturing, value addition of meat product etc. BIS () also recommended three phases for feeding of growing finishing pigs. ➢ Some other workers (Bhar, ) preferred to feed grower ration up.

Guidelines for Growing and. Breeding Swine Swine feed should be balanced on amino acids. edificas.eu The manual is a product of the Smallholder Pig Value Chain Development Project funded by the edificas.eu Feeding Management: 1. Avoid the gilts from becoming too fat. Follow recommended feeding guide. 2. About before the gilts are served, increase the. “Weaning to Sale – Volume 1” and “Producers' Guide to Pig Nutrition – Volume 2” manuals. au/2B_Final_Research_Report-Hign_Cost_Weaner_diets_.pdf.

Piglet. A young pig that requires nutrition (milk) from its mother (sow/gilt). Typically less than 8 weeks of age. 1 – 12 kg. Boar. Uncastrated male pig. 1 –. Two solutions are available to the farmer to feed his pigs: Manual distribution of cereals in collective troughs. This solution tends to disappear in. Importance and Advantages. Commonly found breeds of pigs in Sikkim. Housing. Schematic layout of 4 unit standard piggery shed. Feeding.

Breeding cycle.